The world Highest mountains Mt. Everest (29000ft) is located 27, 59’ north latitude, 86 0 55’ east longitude. It was accredited as the highest mountains in the earth in 1852. The towering mountain in between the international border of Nepal and Tibet. In Nepali it is known as “Sagarmatha” which means forehead of the earth and in Tibetan people call it “Chomolongma” which means mother goddess in local language.
Mt. Everest has its own significance to climb. It is resulted that Mt Everest is climbed by more people rather than other mountains. There has been many attempts for climbing Mt. Everest by British group along with George Mallory in 1921, 1922 & 1925. 1925 was the one of the first tragic day in the history of Everest climbing. On June 2, 1924, Mallory and Irvine, had left their high camp for the summit attempt, they were missed in the Everest. Still their bodies was not found.
After the successful summit of Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary in may 1953, there has been many attempt in Mt. Everest, including the people who climbed it two or more times. It is a great achievement for those who climbed it or not. Both of them could face dreadful obstacle – technical, physical, psychological.
Discovery of Everest
Officially world highest mountain was discovered in the decades of 1850s by British led surveyor Andrew Waugh. Before this, long surveyed were done to discover the world tallest point. The British began the Great Trigonometric survey of India in 1802, but because of Political aggression they were not allowed to enter Nepal. Still different surveying project were held my British, but because of Malaria, surveyor were killed. Nonetheless British continue their Great Trigonometric survey and in 1847, observing the mountains parallel form 240 km away in November 1847 Surveyor General of India, Waugh, consider Kanchenjunga as the tallest mountain of the world, but simultaneously he noted a next peak 230 km away it. Other member of Waugh also noted that peak which seems taller than Kanchenjunga. Finally they called it Peak ‘B’ and conclude as the higher mountains in the planet. Later Surveyor James Nicolson continues the project and collects the data’s observing from 5 different points and calculates the height of Peak ‘B’. According to the James Nicolson raw date the height of Peak ‘B’ was 9200m (30,200 ft). Unfortunately Nicolson was forced to return because of Malaria, without completing his survey. However Nicolson proved the fact that Peak ‘B’ is taller than Kanchenjunga.
Finally the uncompleted task of Nicolson was complete by Indian mathematician and surveyor Radhanath Sikdar in 1852. He was the first to discover world highest peak, using the calculation based on Nicolson’s measurement. Later on 1856, March, Waugh and his team declared Peak XV as the highest mountain in the planet with the height of 29000 ft (8839.2m). The Romanic numerical name Peak XV was designated by Michael Hennessy, one of the members of Surveyor Team.
Waugh and his team , wants to name the Peak by local named, however they were unable to find the specific local name of world tallest mountain. Finally they were argued to give the name by the name of respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir George Everest, however George Everest personally opposed it. But finally in 1865, the Royal Geographical Society officially adopted Mount Everest as the name for the highest mountain in the world.
Though Waugh and his surveyor team discovered the height of Everest 29002 ft (8840m), it was not officially recognized, the first officially recognized height of Everest is 20029 ft (8848m) from sea level, discovered by Indian Survey in 1955, which was also officially recognized by Nepal and China.